A positive ANA is not however
proof of lupus, many other diseases and infections can cause a positive
ANA, users of
certain medications as well as some otherwise healthy people may also
have a positive ANA.
titer indicates how many times the lab technician had to dilute plasma
from the blood before the antinuclear antibodies are undetectable.
A rise is this protein, that is produced by the
liver, can indicate disease activity. more...
CPK - men 55-170, women 30-135
rise in this muscle enzyme can indicate active Lupus
sample of tissue from different parts of the body such as the kidneys
may be taken and examined under a microscope for inflammation or
scarring. This can aid in both diagnosis as well as determining the
proper course of treatment.